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Chapter Five: The Emerging World Order

Section 2: Forces Shaping the World Order


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 San Francisco Chinese New Year's Parade with Thomas Hung and Zenon Anderson of the Academy of Chinese Performing Arts riding Blue Shield Ox, 1996.



The technological innovations outlined in chapter three which are promoting national interdependence concomitantly pressure for standardized rules governing the exchanges The changes in people and social systems necessitated by the increased interactions among diverse cultures in turn facilitate the development of mutually satisfactory rules.



Roger Fisher's analysis in Points of Choice demonstrated how it was in the interests of each nation to be "keeping the game going and improving it." Thus, the long run outcome of actions based on this interest should be the construction of a just and shared world order. Adda Bozman, in The Future of Law in a Multicultural World, would challenge the prospects for peace suggested above:



However, Fisher's argument for peace is not moral and absolute, but pragmatic and qualified. He recognizes "self-help" means of achieving victories -- and this would include the use of force. Such approaches will continue to be viable in the foreseeable future. However, to a large extent, the power assertive methods of achieving victories are a holdover from a time when the international community was much more loosely structured. The international community is now and is becoming even more ready to respond coherently to the most blatant aggressions. Therefore, hostile self-help means will become more costly, and influence and education will become more important modes of achieving objectives.



Furthermore, it is no wonder that there is widespread instability. Rigid autocracies, formerly fairly isolated, are being thrashed by tidal waves of change. Western cultures are instituting the innovations and so they have more control over the pace and their democratic structures allow them to adapt more flexibly. It is to be expected that changes imposed by democratic technologies would send less advanced societies into convulsions.



Moral or not, warlike and opportunistic conduct will impede a nation's entry into the international economic and political arenas. However incompatible a nation's culture is with the requirements of a world system, it can be assumed that such pragmatic pressure will lead to adaptation on the part of the nation. Thus, the prevalence of peace is simply waiting for the inevitable to take hold: that peace will be the result of a just and comprehensive world order.







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